The research behind this report was carried out as part of HERE’s broader study on “The role of ‘mandates’ in humanitarian priority setting for INGOs in situations of armed conflict”. Mali was chosen as the pilot mission in the research. The so-called ‘Mandates Study’ takes a look at organisational decision-making, and how it impacts effective aid delivery on the ground. The term ‘mandate’ is therefore understood broadly as an organisation’s goal or mission and not in its legal meaning. The aim is to clarify what differences there are between organisations in terms of how they set priorities and come to strategic choices, and what the advantages and disadvantages of different ‘mandates’ are.